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9275 - From ethnobotany to articulation of care: an anthropological approach to Yanesha nosology in the high Peruvian Amazon

The objective of this study is to understand through an ethnobotanic approach, centered on healing plants - pare’shemats - and their usages, what are the rationales of the functioning of the Yanesha nosological system.  

The principal focus of the study, the plant and its usages, allows us first to define the components of the person and to clarify some inherent concepts relative to bei the ng fully “human”. Then, an ethnographic survey enables us to deal with/focus the causes of diseases, that is to say, different ethiological agents that are known to cause deteriorating health conditions, and to define the relative pathogenic models. The organisation ofplant kingdom and the importan t position of pare’shemats (healing plants) are then addressed through the myths recounting their ontological position, and through the Yanesha’s nomenclatural system, hence defining a significant mode of classification.  

The study of the person, the possible harmful etiologic agents, and the plant formula administered as remedies, enable us to highlight the coherent links that exist between the pathogenic model, diagnostic reasoning, therapeutic choices and healing act s . At the end of this paper the concept of “healing plants- pare’shemats ”, according to the Yanesha, is redefined.          

Keywords: Medicinal plants, nosologic system, Peruvian Amazon, ethnobotany, Yanesha

Author: Valadeau, Céline (EREA-LESC (UMR7186), France / Frankreich)

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