12049 - Anthropology of disasters: resiliencies and adaptations to climatic risks

Hurricane phenomena are threats which weigh down on the environment and societies of the Central America-Caribbean area. Understanding the impact of hurricanes is consequently crucial, as is developing models of adaptation and resiliency in facing these risks. If the island of Cuba has not been spared damage caused by meteorological events, it can generally count on less agricultural losses than adjoining countries, as was the case with hurricanes Ivan in 2004 and Gustav in 2008. Various factors must be mobilized in understanding this particular resiliency. What captures our attention within the context of this paper is the agro-ecological agricultural model promoted today in that socialist country. This research project is constructed around two axes. The goal of the first axis attempts to study the representations and observations of local actors about climatic variations and their impacts on the ecosystem. If the autochthonous populations can contribute to identifying and understanding the ecological processes and the dynamics of their ecosystems, it will also be interesting to study whether or not their representations on climate changes have influenced changes in agricultural techniques - in order to reduce climatic risks. The second research axis precisely aimed at analysing the forms of adaptation of different agricultural models adopted in order to face climatic threats.

Keywords: climate change, agroecology, Cuba

Author: Hermesse, Julie (Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium / Belgien)


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