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9694 - Private nature conservation in Chile and development of sustainable tourism

A relatively new, and rapidly expanding phenomenon in Chile is a private nature conservation. In recent years appeared a lot of new private reserves. These are both, large-parks bought by international NGOs (Reserva Costera Valdiviana), timber companies (Parque Oncol, Reserva Biológica Huilo-Huilo), and foreign or Chilean philanthropists (Parque Pumal í n, Parque Tantauco). Small private landowners form a small enclave of primeval forests too and are starting to play a bigger importance in some regions. There are also very interesting initiatives of indigenous peoples such Mapu Lahual Parks of Williche community. All owners differently motivate their wish to protect nature, from investment in the land, or promotion of various forms of tourism and the support of local development, to the protection of the cultural and biological heritage of the region. Unfortunately is a problem of lack of appropriate law for the private conservation areas. Often all of owners join forces creating new organizations at the local (APP Valdivia) and national level (ASI Conserve Chile). Most of areas are open to the public access and development of sustainable tourism is often the main part of their business. In this paper I would like to present and compare the variety of ideas for tourism development in harmony with conservation of temperate rainforest in several Chilean private parks and consider what role the private conservation initiatives start begin to play.  

Keywords: private conservation, sustainable tourism, temperate rainforest, Chile, private park

Author: Doroszewicz, Wojtek (University of Warsaw, Poland / Polen)

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