8077 - Land use conflict and REDD+ implementation & ideas for designing an inclusive conflict resolution mechanism for REDD+: Lessons from the Ipetí-Emberá community in Panama

Since the Thirteenth Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC in 2007, effectively Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD), has become an acceptable mitigation option for the for the period post 2012. Research and negotiation discourses on REDD have been on methodological issues such as baselines, leakage and monitoring. Since 2010 the need of good governance for implementing REDD has been acknowledged by various authors. However, this discussion has been theoretical rather than empirical. Therefore, using a case study approach, I have explored governance issues that act as barriers for implementing REDD in Panama. The results of the study indicate that land-use conflict, particularly, settler migration into indigenous lands is an important barrier to implement REDD in Panama. I argue that, land-use conflicts are a symptom of poor governance and that there is a need to understand the conflict from the point of view of all implicated groups ( colonos and indigenous). A formal conflict resolution mechanism that addresses the matter is also needed. Specific research questions of this study include: What is the advancement of the agricultural frontier into the indigenous territory of Ipetí-Emberá by the adjacent colono population? What are the perceptions of both colonos and indigenous peoples about land invasion in the Ipetí-Emberá community? How do various stakeholders perceive that a conflict resolution mechanism to address land invasion in the context of REDD+ might be implemented in Panama?

Keywords: REDD, Climate Change, Deforestation, Indigenous Peoples

Author: Holmes Cheyre, Luz Ignacia (McGill University, Canada / Kanada)
Co-Author: Catherine Potvin (McGill University , Canada / Kanada)


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