6774 - Indigenous Socio-Political Organization and the Impact of Globalization at the Central Amazon

This research explores the importance of Sateré-Mawé alternative economies, e.g., guaraná production, the subsequent impact on Sateré-Mawé socio-political organization, and the ramifications of trading in a global market. Sateré-Mawé, a Tupi-speaking people, have the skills and knowledge for traditional guaraná production. Important added-value is attributed to the historical, social and mythological association of this tribe with the guaraná plant. Since the 1990s the Sateré-Mawé have a tribal council (Conselho Geral da Tribo Sateré-Mawé, or C.G.T.S.M) representing each indigenous village. The C.G.T.S.M makes socio-political and economic decisions. Amongst other decisions, the C.G.T.S.M reaches agreement on the potential participants in guaraná production and how the profit is allocated. The Sateré-Mawé General Council mediates between traditional indigenous knowledge and fair trade in the globalized market.

Keywords: Amazonia, Satere-Mawe, socio-political organization, guarana, global market

Author: Duin, Sonia (University of Florida, Netherlands / Niederlande)


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