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9401 - Pits, Pots and Megaliths: Socio-political landscape in the pre-colonial eastern coast of Guayana

Archaeology in the Eastern coast of Guayanas (Brazil-Amapá) h ave a critical value for current debates on the socio-political complexity in the Amazonian pre-history. Given all information that has already been gathered, it´s obvious that Amapá is a key area in the Amazon region. It´s singular geographical characteristics, a n enclave between the Amazon, Guayana and Caribbean areas, seems to be reflected in the high cultural diversity in the pre-historical occupation, where different cultural tradit ions converged and interacted in one specific region. As such, we suggest that, after a gradual human occupation since at least 8000 B.P., i t will become , around 1000 B.P., a highly-contested arena, where regional differences in ceramic styles and ceremonialfunerary centers where used and exacerbated to mark political andor social borders.

This essay has the main goal to present the current archaeological data and the outline of a research project focused in the socio-political landscape and deep time histories in eastern coast of Guayana, through the establishment of a chronological and cultural framework of the human occupation in the region, from the first inhabitants until the impact of European invasion on Amerindians groups.

Keywords: Archaeology, Guianas, Amazonia

Author: de Moura Saldanha, João Darcy (Instituto de pesquisas científicas e Tecnológicas do Estado do Amapá - IEPA, Brazil / Brasilien)

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